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International Mother Language Day

International Mother Language Day

 International Mother Language Day

        International Mother Language Day paragraph

Introduction: The importance of mother tongue in  people's life is immeasurable. Mother tongue is the best stone of identity of people of every ethnic group. The traditions and culture of every ethnic group in the world have been developed by adopting the mother tongue. 

Mother tongue is a basic resource of all people of the world irrespective of caste, religion and caste. Bengali's mother tongue is Bengali. In 1952, Bengali has set a unique example of self-sacrifice for the mother tongue in world history. We got the recognition of that at the end of the century. 

The world observes this day as International Mother Language Day Recognized. International Mother Language Day is an acknowledgment of the importance and dignity of mother tongue.

Background of International Mother Language Day: On February 21, 1952, the people of East Bengal gained the status of mother tongue Bengali in exchange of blood.

 Until then Bengali was the language of the majority of the people of Pakistan. But the Pakistani ruling group chose the path of cultural hegemony over the people of East Bengal. They announced - Bengali will not be the national language, Urdu will be given the status of the national language, which was the mother tongue of only 7 percent of the people. 

The entire East Bengal united in protest against this ill-advised decision.Bengali declared that all mother tongues are entitled to equal status. Therefore Bengali should be given the status of national language along with Urdu. But the Pakistani ruling group opened fire on the protesting students to defeat the legitimate demands of the Bengalis. Salam, Barkat, Rafiq, Jabbar and many others were martyred. The movement became more intense, the whole Bengal roared.

The alarmed government was forced to recognize Bengali as one of the state languages. Since then, 21st February is celebrated as Martyrs' Day every year on the death of martyrs. It was the spirit of 21st February that inspired the Bengali independence movement. The establishment of independent Bangladesh was possible through this struggle.

In a resolution unanimously adopted by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) General Session on 17 November 1999, it is proposed to declare the day as 'International Mother Language Day' in recognition of the unprecedented sacrifice for mother language in Bangladesh on February 21, 1952 and in memory of those who gave their lives on that day. happening.” Today Language Day is celebrated not only in our country, but also in the countries of the world.

The initiative to establish International Mother Language Day Canada's expatriate multilingual people's organization 'Mother Language Lovers of the World' first took the initiative of international recognition of the event of 21st February. Abdus Salam and Rafiqul Islam are the two expatriate Bengalis who have contributed to this. On January 9, 1998, a letter was written to the Secretary General of the United Nations, Kofi Annan, on the initiative of the multilingual language loving organization.An application was sent to UNESCO when Kofi Annan suggested contacting UNESCO. The program specialist of UNESCO's education department said it was not ready to accept any proposals from private enterprises. Subsequently, the issue was raised in the United Nations through the Government of Bangladesh. 27 countries supported the proposal.On November 17, 1999, the 31st Conference of UNESCO recognized February 21 as International Mother Language Day. The day which used to be celebrated simply as 'Language Martyrs Day' is now 'International Mother Language Day'.

Significance of International Mother Language Day: Language is the carrier and carrier of cultural heritage of a country. The UNESCO conference explained the need to observe 'International Mother Language Day' and said: Language is the most powerful tool in preserving cultural heritage.

 The promotion of mother tongue will not only encourage linguistic diversity, multilingual education, but also contribute to the understanding and development of cultural heritage.

The significance of the International Mother Language Day is to give due status to every mother tongue, especially to protect the weak and obsolete mother tongues from extinction, not to try to impose dominance on a weak language. On this day, every language-speaking people will love their own mother tongue and respect the mother tongue of other nations as well. 

In this way people will be inspired to love their mother tongue by holding Ekush.

Conclusion : Today our great twenty-one have become the inspiration of mother tongue in the global context beyond the backyard of the homeland. 

What we have to do now is to make every possible effort to increase the application of Bengali language in all fields of knowledge. To prepare ourselves for the new century in knowledge-science, education-culture by increasing the power of mother tongue.

To convey the knowledge of the world to the common people of the country through the practice of mother tongue. In addition to serving the mother tongue, showing due respect to the mother tongue of the people of the world. The significance of this great day lies in reviving this spirit in everyone on International Mother Language Day.


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